What are the symptoms of muscle tension dysphonia?
Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is characterized by variable symptoms of voice disruption with observable tension or stiffness of the neck, jaw, shoulders, or throat. Often, patients with MTD will report periodic pain in the sites of the larynx, neck, and other areas from the neck up. Patients with MTD will often report large variability in their voice, from moments of complete normal voice to moments of aphonia (complete voice loss). Patients with MTD often have healthy appearing vocal folds.
How is muscle tension dysphonia treated?
Due to the typically healthy appearance of the patient’s vocal folds in true MTD, voice therapy is always the first choice for treating this disorder. In most severe cases, the aid of massage specialists and other forms of therapy may be recommended. Medical or surgical management is not necessary for MTD.